Judiciary and Law Solved MCQs For Competitive Exam
The judiciary and legal system in Pakistan are fundamental components of the country’s governance and play a crucial role in maintaining law and order, ensuring justice, and upholding the rule of law. Understanding the judiciary and legal system in Pakistan is crucial for citizens, legal practitioners, and policymakers to work towards a more just and equitable society. Efforts continue to be made to strengthen the judiciary, improve legal processes, and promote access to justice for all citizens. Here you can download Judiciary and Law Solved Papers for Fpsc/competitive Exams in Pakistan Like CSS, FPSC, PPSC & Other Govt Job Exam.
Here is an overview of the judiciary and legal framework in Pakistan:
Structure of the Judiciary:
Pakistan has a hierarchical three-tiered judiciary system:-
Supreme Court of Pakistan: The apex court of the country, consisting of two main branches: the Supreme Court and the Chief Court of Gilgit-Baltistan.
High Courts: Each province in Pakistan has its own high court.
District Courts: At the lowest level, there are district and sessions courts in each district.
The judiciary in Pakistan is supposed to be independent and impartial, ensuring separation of powers and checks and balances among the three branches of government—executive, legislative, and judiciary.
The judiciary is appointed through a structured process. The Chief Justice of Pakistan is appointed by the President, and other judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President on the advice of the Chief Justice. High court judges are appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of Pakistan and the provincial Chief Justices.
Pakistan follows a common law system, which is largely based on the English legal system. The legal system comprises statutes, case law, and Islamic law principles, particularly in matters related to family and personal law.
Islamic Law (Sharia):
Pakistan is an Islamic republic, and the legal system includes Islamic law, particularly in matters such as family law, inheritance, and personal status. Sharia principles are primarily enforced through specialized courts known as Sharia Courts.
The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction over high courts and other federal and provincial courts. High courts have appellate and original jurisdiction over district and other lower courts within their respective jurisdictions.
Pakistan has various legal codes, including the Pakistan Penal Code (PPC) for criminal law, the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) for criminal procedure, and the Civil Procedure Code (CPC) for civil cases.
Legal Reforms and Challenges:
Pakistan has been striving for legal reforms to enhance access to justice, improve the efficiency of the legal system, and ensure protection of human rights. Challenges include a backlog of cases, delays in the legal process, corruption, and a need for legal education and awareness.
The legal profession in Pakistan is regulated by the Pakistan Bar Council (PBC) and provincial bar councils. Lawyers are required to be members of the respective bar council to practice law.
Download Judiciary and Law Solved Papers For Competitive Exam
- Judiciary Department Civil Judges cum Judicial Magistrates General Knowledge Past Paper 2012
- Judiciary Department Civil Judges cum Judicial Magistrates General Knowledge Past Paper 2012 Answers Key
- Judiciary Department Civil Judges cum Judicial Magistrates General Knowledge Past Paper 2013
- Judiciary Department Civil Judges cum Judicial Magistrates General Knowledge Past Paper 2013 Answers Key
- Judiciary Department Civil Judges cum Judicial Magistrates General Knowledge Past Paper 2015
- Judiciary Department Civil Judges cum Judicial Magistrates General Knowledge Past Paper 2015 Answers Key